A panoramic image gives one a wide elongated view of some scene. Such an image can be made from a series of images taken in sequence and aligned side by side. This type of photography is known as panoramic photography.
Pan-tilt-zoom cameras are often used in the wide area video surveillance systems. These cameras help one track an object of interest. These cameras are very costly. At NMIT, students have designed and developed panoramic cameras with a camera housing structure and computer vision module.